Physical treatment methods in dentistry occupy an important place.
As methods of pathogenetic therapy are used for many diseases in preventive and curative purposes.
Face, oral cavity, teeth, mucous membranes of the mouth, soft palate, gums innervated by the trigeminal, glossopharyngeal and sympathetic nerves have reflex due to numerous organs, tissues and systems.
Trigeminal nerve reflex pathways associated with subcortical and cortical formations, and its downward-beam with the vagus nerve.
Glossopharyngeal nerve and cervical sympathetic nodes innervate many organs and systems. So, in response to stimulation of the face, mucous membranes of the mouth, teeth, raise complex reaction from not only the central nervous system, but also the peripheral vessels, heart, lungs, stomach and other organs. All of these reactions in diseases of teeth, jaws, gums are pathological.
Thus, dental disease is not a local process, and the whole body suffers, and, especially, the nervous system.
Physical methods of treatment, in addition to local action on the pathological process, accompanied by the restoration of normal flow of physiological processes and contribute to withdraw or reduce pain, improve nutrition of tissue, resorption of the inflammatory process, normalization of metabolic processes, the better course of healing of oral mucosa.