Clean your teeth should be correct, and not only at home but occasionally in the dental chair


The clinic "Prior" a team of dentists who do not just treat teeth. In our clinic, comprehensive and only an integrated approach to treatment of diseases of teeth, surrounding tissues and masticatory system as a whole.

The most important and indispensable step in the dental treatment is a professional oral hygiene. The procedure for professional tooth cleaning is always preceded by a therapeutic, orthopedic,   surgical and orthodontic treatment (except for emergency conditions).

Oral hygiene is the key to dental health. Unfortunately, not many know how to brush their teeth, some toothpastes are needed, which need professional oral hygiene,   and many other important aspect related to the teeth and gums. A questionnaire survey of adults and children suggests that properly brush their teeth only about 10% of respondents in any age group.

Hygiene of the teeth should   teach children, starting from 1,5-2 years of age. But above all, parents themselves must learn to "correct" oral hygiene. First, the child learns to rinse your mouth with water, then use the brush without toothpaste, and finally - with pasta. By 3-4 years a child should be able to wash their own teeth. Rational Care provides   brushing at least 2 times a day - morning and evening, and thoroughly rinse your mouth after eating. Total time cleaning -2,5 -3 minutes.

There factors Which lead to the need for professional oral hygiene:

1. Poor personal hygiene of the oral cavity contributes to the formation of dental plaque on the surface of which is the formation, accumulation of soft plaque and its gradual spread on the surface of teeth.

2. Under the influence of microflora in the oral cavity and its decay products there is a gradual mineralization of dental plaque and its conversion into a hard plaque or stone.

What could the presence of dental stones?

1. By location are two types of dental stone: supragingival and sub gingival. First formed supragingival dental calculus, which for a short time destroy the periodontal gingival sulcus and forms tartar.

2. Gingival tartar intensively growing deep in the roots of the tooth, destroying the periodontal ligaments (supporting-retaining ligament tooth in the jaw bone). Subsequently formed extragingival pocket - the gap between gum and tooth, and later - bone pocket.

3. The presence of pockets leads to severe periodontal disease (supporting-holding apparatus tooth). First, developing gingivitis (gum inflammation), which gradually turns into periodontitis. This subsequently leads to loosening and loss of healthy teeth.

To prevent all the above are urged to process professional teeth cleaning every six months, and sometimes every three months (number of visits to identify you individually your dentist).

Prolonged stay in the mouth orthodontic appliances (plates, bracket system), promotes accumulation of plaque, the emergence of foci of demineralization of enamel, the development of inflammation in periodontal tissues, the appearance of bad breath. In this regard, during the treatment period, regardless of age of the patient requires careful hygienic oral care as an individual - with the help of specialized collections, as well as professional - 1 every 1-3 months.

Oral hygiene using dental prostheses should be given special attention. Patients with fixed bridges in addition to a toothbrush, toothpaste and dental yarns to use orthodontic threads to remove plaque under the intermediate part of the prosthesis. If you have dentures require careful cleaning teeth and dentures after each meal. Even with a good cleaning, on the teeth near the prosthesis and artificial crowns can increase tartar. This leads to inflammation of the gums, exposed roots of the tooth and its destruction, and in consequence - the loss of the prosthesis and the new embezzlement. Every 4-6 months. the patient should undergo preventive checkups and professional cleaning of teeth and dentures.

Conducting the professional oral hygiene.

The sequence is as follows: first cleaned of tartar, then pigmented plaque. Plaque removed in several ways.

1. To date, the most effective way to remove tartar is to use an ultrasonic device, or manual tools. Removing tartar with ultrasound Scalera - the procedure is painless, not traumatic, is not harmful to tooth enamel. Ultrasonic scaler creates vibrations, resulting in dislodging of dental stones.

2. After cleaning, tartar, the doctor will now begin the withdrawal of pigmented plaque, which is formed under the influence of food dyes (tea, coffee), nicotine. This procedure applies specialized   polishing paste. The teeth become lighter, but this effect does not remain forever. If you want your teeth become even lighter, please come on teeth whitening.

3. After cleaning, tartar and plaque, if necessary being Remineralizing therapy - prophylactic treatment to improve hardness and strength of tooth enamel (application of fluoride gels, varnishes).

The procedure for cleaning teeth takes from 30 minutes to 1.5 hours. After brushing, your doctor will tell you in detail how to properly care for their teeth, how to minimize the formation of plaque, cavities and other dental diseases. Especially for you individually will choose the means of oral hygiene, which includes toothpaste, toothbrush (manual, electric or ultrasonic), Dental floss, tongue scraper, etc.

Remember that professional oral hygiene is necessary to not only adults but also children. Children often do not have the patience to effectively clean the teeth, resulting in the depths of the landscape of chewing teeth growing bacterial population.

The physician-hygienist will remove all microbial deposits and cover the teeth with a special protective solution. Baby teeth need to be protected because they "cherish" a place for permanent teeth. When a child is 5-6 years old the first permanent teeth erupt, and it is chewy (molars), their fissures (indentations) are also better protect the special sealant and varnish, as in the first year after the eruption of their enamel is immature and needs extra protection and special care . This procedure holds your doctor, dentist or a physician-hygienist. Procedure absolutely painless and takes about 5-10 minutes. (One tooth).

In addition to curative and preventive procedures, the child also picked individually oral hygiene and conduct training lesson, as this all to enjoy.

Professional oral hygiene was not opposed by those home techniques that are used for the prevention of diseases of teeth and gums. Private methods and techniques used in the study hygienist, complement each other.

With each passing day an increasing number of people who understand that the state of the teeth affects the quality of their lives, it is easier to prevent many diseases, than to have large costs associated with medication, prosthetics, and implantation.

It should be remembered that from oral hygiene, we can not avoid it throughout life. Grooming should become your habit and necessity.


Cheers! Love yourself! Smile to your health! And we will help you with this. We are waiting for you!


  Dentist Rudyk Vladimir Petrovich










In the dental clinic "PRIOR" will help eradicate the problem of morbid abrasion


During the life of hard tissue of teeth partially erased. This is a normal physiological process. We did them bite, chew. But often the teeth fade more quickly. When an intense loss of dental hard tissue suggest pathological abrasion. This condition is not only a cosmetic defect, but also leads to increased sensitivity of teeth - they were responding to any external stimulus, such as hot tea.

Many patients with the treatment to the dentist and do not suspect that they have such a pathological process progresses as abrasion. They complain superchuvstvitelnost. Moreover, a similar phenomenon, as studies show, are facing about 12% of people, often pathological abrasion worried men. It can develop in one or more adjacent teeth, and in the whole group of teeth.

The reasons that can happen loss of hard dental tissues, there are very diverse. Pathologic abrasion often develops in malocclusion. Depending on the pathology of the bite, may fade as the frontal and chewing of teeth. By the loss of hard tissues causes the phenomenon of bruxism (teeth grinding). Similar effects and is fraught with the absence of some teeth. The result is an overload of the remaining elementary and, as a rule, their erasure. The same ending is possible, if a person faulty design of dentures. Destroys hard tissue and the effects of different acids. They can come into the mouth vomiting, flatulence, as well as from acidic foods.

Pathologic abrasion of hard tooth tissues begins with the decay of enamel, dentin and then. Because enamel is more durable structure, its erasure takes longer than the reduction of dentin, so when exposed dentin, the tooth loses its volume is much faster. In this form the sharp edges that can deliver a lot of inconvenience to the patient, including traumatizing oral mucosa and tongue. Then I face. There is a displacement of the lower third of the face, resulting in a pronounced deepening of nasolabial folds and wrinkles of the lower lip. From these changes affected primarily aesthetic, not to mention the functional disorders.

If this pathology is not treated, it significantly affected temporo-mandibular joint, any pain in his field, worsening hearing. In parallel with the pathological abrasion appears sensitive to temperature stimuli, and then to chemical, mechanical.

The treatment of this disease, depending on the stage and severity of illness, is engaged in the therapeutic and orthopedic dentistry. With timely prevention, when the teeth just started to wear off too active, can be employed as an orthodontic dentistry. That is, if the cause of the disease was malocclusion. Preventive measures consist in wearing orthodontic plates, cap, or bracket, depending on the age of the patient.

If we talk about choosing a treatment, then it is influenced by patient's age and wear of the teeth associated with dental diseases. Therefore, doctors, our clinics, in simple terms explain to the patient the need for prosthesis after surgical procedures associated with the removal of decayed teeth. In preparing the patient for treatment, in a conversation with him, experts insist on a comprehensive treatment, because the formulation of a seal or closure of a cosmetic defect in a marked area will not lead to full recovery. Patients should know that the treatment of pathological abrasion fast can not be. To achieve a good result, you must have patience.

Traditionally, the treatment of pronounced abrasion of teeth, patients are encouraged to wear caps overdrive, as well as restorations photopolymer composites (filling material), but only in cases where no violation of dentition. If such violations in the tooth rows are marked, then resorted to the joint treatment with orthopedist and surgeon.

Also, remember, until the process of pathological abrasion is at the level of enamel, a person does not feel discomfort, therefore, to control the abrasion is needed early professional diagnosis. Treatment, in the first place, should be focused on preventive measures aimed to stop this process. And young people who have abrasion of enamel caused by the habit of gnashing of teeth or severely compress their worth throughout the night to use the Capa to the protection of dentitions. People compressive teeth during the day, must learn to control himself. It is difficult, but possible. Otherwise, erase teeth. The best treatment - is prevention. Let it sounds trite, but it's the truth. And if the process has already started, then the sooner people seek medical attention, the faster and easier to be able to recover his dentition.



There are three stages of abrasion:

- Physiological stage - appears within the enamel;

- A transitional stage (just within the enamel), but partially affects dentin;

- Increased stage manifested within dentin.

There are three degrees of depth of destruction of hard tissues. The first is characterized by complete erasure of the enamel and dentin exposure of which do not reach the equator of the tooth. In second-degree length of crown of the tooth is reduced by one third - two thirds. And in the third degree is a shortening of crown of the tooth more than 2 / 3 length.



STUDINSKAYA Galina Mikhailovna










How to whiten teeth, so as not to hurt your gums and enamel


Nowadays, white teeth are a sign of youth and health, but a beautiful white smile appreciated even by the ancient Romans. They polished the teeth with urea (carbamide). Especially good results have been achieved when using urea, had been brought from Portugal. She gave teeth brilliant shine and whiteness. In the Middle Ages whitening performed barbers. It whitens teeth solution aqua fortis, which contained nitric acid. In the early twentieth century teeth bleached with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in high concentration (30%) and at high temperature, which is bad for the state of dental pulp. Then, to achieve the effect required up to 20 procedures. Nowadays, the bleaching was absolutely safe for the patient and takes only 1-2 visits.

Why eventually causes tooth discoloration? To answer this question, recall the structure of the tooth: a tooth base is an opaque light yellow dentin on the outside of his protected transparent durable enamel (outer layer of the tooth), its color is easily affected by external factors coloring. Moreover, with age the enamel layer becomes thinner due to natural abrasion of hard tissues, and the yellow dentin stronger rayed through it. Therefore, the teeth appear darker.

Also darkening of the teeth can cause:

- congenital non-carious lesions of teeth (Fluorosis, tetracycline teeth, imperfect emalogenez) - yield     whitens the hardest and are fixed by restorations

- external factors coloring (Caffeine, red wine, nicotine) - the most common reason is easily     bleaching

- tooth injury (There is bleeding in the pulp and the tooth becomes a reddish hue)

- inadequate treatment of root canal material Causing discoloration of teeth.



Based on the causes of discoloration of teeth, distinguish these whitening methods:


- external vnekoronkovoe whitening (Vital) - whitening of live teeth

- internal vnutrikoronkovoe (Nevitalnoe) - change the color of "inanimate" teeth had undergone root canal treatment.


   External (vital) teeth whitening is performed in three ways:

- Household bleach without medical supervision, by means of the sale, and containing a small concentration of hydrogen peroxide. The effectiveness of this type of bleaching is different for different patients.

- Home bleaching a patient under the supervision of a physician. The doctor makes the patient an individual block. Bleaching occurs through chemical Carbamide Peroxide10-20%, which releases hydrogen peroxide in concentrations of 3-7%. The substance contained in the block in the required dose.

You can bleach one tooth or several teeth. The degree of bleaching depends on the duration of the procedure. Typically, in order to change the color of teeth became visible, it is necessary to carry out the procedure for two hours a day for two - four weeks.

- whitening clinic (Professional whitening) - comes under the influence of concentrated hydrogen peroxide (35%), with optional activating bleaching agent-factor, such as laser or light. In carrying out the procedure the gums and lips are protected from exposure to hydrogen peroxide. This is the most controlled type of bleaching. It helps to protect the bare neck teeth or stochennye place to not cause pain and unpleasant sensitivity during the procedure and after it. The procedure is performed during one visit to a length of about one hour.



Inner teeth whitening is carried out on teeth treated root canal, which has not been installed crown. The color of teeth treated root canal changes as a result of subsidence in the dentin of metal ions, penetrating into the dentin of the substance that fills filling material. The degree of success of internal bleaching varies. The effect depends on the time that has elapsed since the change of color.

Internal bleaching of conduct only after checking the state of the root canal, so as not to harm hit bleach in the root canal. The procedure is performed under mandatory supervision dentist in the clinic and continues at home for frequent change of bleaching agents.


Another way of bleaching are whitening toothpastes. But you must remember that   these pastes can be used no more than one month per year, due to the possible appearance of teeth sensitivity.


Thus, the most effective method of whitening is professional bleaching in the clinic.

It allows you to achieve the result after the first visit. This method can be converted into yellow-brown teeth in a light-and-white without any damage to tooth enamel.


Contraindications for bleaching:

- Children under 16 years old and pregnant

- Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis and periodontitis) and multiple dental caries. In this case, you must first    carry out the treatment of caries and periodontal tissue, and whitening later.

- Patients who wear braces. In this case, bleaching is conducted after removal of braces.

- Increased sensitivity of teeth (giperesteziya)

- Presence of old restorations large, occupying a significant amount of the tooth. If there is a small seal, the whitening can be done, but after it (after 2 weeks) old fillings should be replaced by new ones, corresponding to the new color of teeth.



In our clinic for a teeth whitening system used the world's leading manufacturers of "Opalescense" and    "Beyond", composed of calcium compounds. Therefore, they do not cause sensitivity after bleaching session.


Whitening procedure begins with the isolation of the gums and oral mucosa with a special protective silicone coating, which was withdrawn at the end of the session. It is also applied to the tooth sections with a defaced enamel and exposed roots. Next whitening gel is applied to the external (vestibular) surface of the teeth for 10 minutes and activated with a special lamp with a blue light. This was repeated 3 times. As a result, teeth melts a few shades lighter. After the bleaching procedure the patient must not be consumed products containing dyes (tea, coffee, juices, colored beverages, chocolate, etc.) to use lipstick and colored toothpaste during first two days (48 hours after bleaching)! Usually during a session the patient no pain does not arise. The whole effect of bleaching seen in a few days.


In order to maintain the acquired whiteness of teeth after the bleaching procedure as long as possible, it is necessary to strictly observe good oral hygiene, and visit the dentist at least 1 times in six months.


Of course, you can accept the fact that the teeth whitening procedure does not apply to necessities, and without it, in principle, can live. But how often do we notice that by changing its appearance, we become more beautiful, more attractive, better feel good, and as a result of good luck to us in all cases.


All begins with a smile! Everybody wants to communicate with the joyful, successful person!

Kolodiy Sergiy Borysovych


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